Client PC market grows 3% in Q2 as sales of Apple’s computers skyrocket by nearly 21%

The client PC market saw a positive turn in the second quarter of 2024, with global shipments rising to 64.9 million units, marking a 3.0% increase from the previous year, according to IDC. Sales of PCs from all Top 5 makers except Dell increased year-over-year, but Apple and Acer demonstrated remarkable growth by 20.8% and 13.7%, respectively.According to IDC, the market hit 64.9 million units after seven consecutive quarters of decline, largely driven by improved conditions outside of China and the buzz surrounding AI PCs and commercial refresh cycles. Despite ongoing challenges due to market maturity and economic pressures, the PC market’s growth was notable. Excluding China, which continued to show weak results, global shipments increased by over 5% year-over-year. Of course, this improvement was partly due to favorable comparisons with the previous year’s performance.”Make no mistake, the PC market just like other technology markets faces challenges in the near term due to maturity and headwinds,” said Ryan Reith, group vice president with IDC’s Worldwide Device Trackers. “However, two consecutive quarters of growth, combined with plenty of market hype around AI PCs and a less sexy but arguably more important commercial refresh cycle, seems to be what the PC market needed. The buzz is around AI, but a lot is happening with non-AI PC purchasing to make this mature market show signs of positivity.”(Image credit: IDC)Lenovo remained the world’s largest supplier of PCs in Q2 2024. The company shipped 14.7 million units and commanded a 22.7% market share, a 3.7% growth compared to the same quarter in the previous year when Lenovo shipped 14.2 million units and held a 22.5% market share.Lenovo’s rival HP shipped 13.7 million units in the second quarter, achieving a 21.1% market share. The company’s shipments marked a 1.8% growth compared to Q2 2023 when HP shipped 13.4 million units and held a 21.3% market share. Despite the slight decrease in market share, HP experienced a year-over-year shipment increase, which is a good sign.By contrast, Dell shipped 10.1 million units in Q2 2024 while controlling a 15.5% market share. However, this represented a decline compared to Q2 2023, both in terms of shipments and in terms of share: back then, the company supplied 10.3 million units and held a 16.4% market share.(Image credit: IDC)Apple was probably a star of the quarter, at least based on the numbers from IDC, although it only commanded an 8.8% share of the market. In Q2 2024, Apple shipped 5.7 million units, representing significant growth compared to Q2 2023, where Apple shipped 4.7 million units and held a 7.5% market share. Apple’s year-over-year growth was 20.8%, indicating a solid performance and a notable increase in its market presence.Get Tom’s Hardware’s best news and in-depth reviews, straight to your inbox.The second quarter was also good for Acer Group, which shipped 4.4 million units, a 13.7% increase compared to Q2 2023. The company also commanded a 6.8% market share in Q2 2024, up from 6.2% in the same quarter in the previous year.”Outside the commercial refresh cycle, promotional activity from consumer-oriented brands and channels have helped bolster the segment,” said Jitesh Ubrani, research manager with IDC’s Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers. “The market has also moved past the rock bottom pricing brought about by excess inventory last year, signifying growth in average selling prices due to richer configurations and reduced discounting.” […]


4TB Samsung 990 Pro SSD hits 7 cents per GB — limited time deal

One of our favorite SSDs since its release, the 4TB Samsung 990 Pro offers extremely fast performance and whopping amounts of capacity in a single-sided M.2 2280 form factor. We cannot help but recommend this drive when it’s on offer, and currently, it’s on sale for one of its lowest prices in recent memory. You can find the Samsung 990 Pro 4TB SSD for just $299 or 7 cents per GB at Amazon as it’s currently reduced in a limited-time deal. I’ve found that the same price can also be had at Newegg and B&H Photo. We reviewed the 990 Pro 4TB when it was released, and not only is it one of the best 4TB SSDs on the market and among the best SSDs overall, but this SSD also boasts maximum sequential reads of 7,450 MB/s and sequential writes of 6,900 MB/s with random reads/writes coming in at 1.6 million and 1.55 million IOPS, respectively, while endurance is rated for 2,400 TBW.The Samsung 990 Pro 4TB has topped our lists as the best Gen 4 SSD, thanks to its mix of capacity and performance. When on offer this SSD is a great pick for any system, but especially for a rig that demands the fastest performance possible. Samsung achieves its 4TB capacity using a 236-layer TLC V-NAND and uses a single-sided design, making it ideal for use in smaller setups – especially laptops of PlayStation 5 consoles where space is a premium. […]


Solid 10Y Auction Stops Though With Most Direct Bidders Since October

One day after a stellar 3Y auction, moments ago the Treasury sold $39BN in a 10Y reopening of 9-Year, 10-Month cusip KQ3 in another very strong auction confirming that there are zero concerns about tomorrow’s CPI print, which the street clearly expects to come in below estimates.The high yield on today’s auction was 4.276%, well below last month’s 4.438% and the lowest since May; it also stopped through the 4.286% When Issued by 1basis point, the second consecutive stop in a row.While the bid to cover was 2.575, dropping from 2.67 in June, it was above the 6-auction average of 2.52.The internals were also solid with Indirects taking down 67.6%, also down from the near record 74.6% in June but above the 67.2 recent average. And with Directs grabbing a generous 20.9% of the allotment, the highest since Oct 23, Dealers were left with just 11.5% of the auction the lowest since last August.Overall, this was a solid auction and one which helped push yields lower from session highs of 4.30% reached just moments prior to the sale.Loading… […]


Pelosi Shift In Tone Suggests She’s About To Close Out Biden Long

The most flagrant insider stock trader in DC may be about to cut President Joe Biden loose.In an appearance on Morning Joe, the former speaker took a different tone from appearances last week supporting Biden, saying: “It’s up to the president to decide if he is going to run. We’re all encouraging him to to make that decision. Because time is running short.””Do you want him to run?” asked host Jonathan Lemire.”I want him to do whatever he decides to do. And that’s the way it is. Whatever he decides we go with.”(He’s running, idiots… The question is whether he should pull out.) She also called for a pause on Democrats pouncing on Biden until the NATO conference is over.”Let’s just hold off. Whatever you’re thinking, either tell somebody privately, but you don’t have to put that out on the table until we see how we go this week.”Nancy Pelosi tells Morning Joe that she has President Biden’s back.So should we. pic.twitter.com/pc9Mhhufpy
— Art Candee 🍿🥤 (@ArtCandee) July 10, 2024When asked if Biden had the overwhelming support of most congressional Democrats, Pelosi demurred, saying “But he’s beloved, he is respected, and people want him to make that decision. Not me.”On Monday, Pelosi’s office said she has ‘full confidence’ in Biden.Perhaps Nancy heard that George Cloony has decreed Biden must step aside… It’s all but officially Joever.UPDATE: George Clooney loves Joe Biden. We know what that means— Stab him in the back! pic.twitter.com/iyYdRVKQAR
— David Sacks (@DavidSacks) July 10, 2024Loading… […]


OBS encoding enhancements come to Nvidia’s Maxwell GPUs — GeForce GTX 900 series can now leverage the Twitch Enhanced Broadcasting feature

Popular open-source live streaming software OBS (short for Open Broadcasting Software) has been working on its Twitch Enhanced Broadcasting feature. It now bears fruit for users with the Nvidia GeForce GTX 900 series (via Jacob Freeman) and above graphics cards. This feature was showcased in February and released with initial support for GeForce RTX graphics cards.The OBS 30.2 RC1 update works with older Maxwell-based GeForce GTX 900-series graphics cards. Apart from having the proper hardware, the streamer must be accepted into Twitch’s BETA program. For now, all the encoders on the GeForce cards can have up to eight concurrent encodings, while Twitch accepts five with H.264/AVC encoding at a maximum setting of 1080p60. Naturally, broadcasting client-side transcoding will require the streamer to have a good enough internet connection.Adding support for older graphics cards has benefits, as not everyone requires the best hardware for the games they stream, including many multiplayer titles. This includes those with GTX 10 series and GTX 16 series graphics cards. Providing such support ensures Nvidia can enjoy exclusivity with Twitch live streamers until it includes Intel and AMD Radeon GPUs, hopefully in the future.To provide optimal broadcast quality on behalf of its livestreamers, Twitch collaborated with OBS and Nvidia for this feature. Once enabled, OBS creates these transcodes via the live streamer’s discrete NVENC hardware encoder on the Nvidia GPUs and transmits them to the Twitch server. Each encoding is optimized for a particular quality and resolution, which is selectively broadcasted to a viewer based on the quality setting they’ve selected. The Twitch Enhanced Broadcasting feature provides the best viewing experience based on the viewer’s setting. Additionally, it eliminates the headache of manually choosing a fixed setting in OBS on behalf of users. For example, a high-bitrate setting will cause buffering for those with low-bandwidth internet connections. Still, those with high-bandwidth connections will not get the best possible viewing quality if the OBS uses a lower-bitrate setting. Enhance broadcasting takes care of that process as the GPU transcodes and sends it to Twitch servers, targeting a viewer using a particular setting.It is uncertain when this option will be freely available for all Twitch streamers without requiring sign-up and approval. It is also unsure whether this will be enabled for Intel and AMD GPUs and even include AV1 to H264 in its transcoding, which is currently exclusive to the RTX 40 series.It is hard to tell when Twitch and OBS can evolve from the BETA stage without having this feature exclusive to Nvidia. However, once this enhanced transcoding comes out of the BETA stage for both Twitch and OBS, we should have a much larger demographic of live streamers, and their viewers will benefit from it.Get Tom’s Hardware’s best news and in-depth reviews, straight to your inbox. […]


Universities list LimeWire, Kazaa, and other defunct software in piracy warning

Spurred by the Higher Education Opportunity Act, which includes anti-piracy measures, American colleges and universities are required to enforce those measures. However, as noted by TorrentFreak, it would seem that most policies around these applications are pretty outdated. The anti-piracy messaging at American universities still refers to the likes of LimeWire, Kazaa, and BearShare —a.k.a. a whole litany of dead filesharing applications.So, does this mean you’re free to run your filesharing applications on college campuses across the United States? Unfortunately, this is not the case. While these worded warnings are outdated, colleges can still detect critical signs of filesharing traffic, particularly Peer To Peer (P2P) torrenting traffic, regardless of the application used. Even a university as prestigious as Stanford still has warnings about using Skype or playing World of Warcraft because these applications use filesharing protocols for calls and updates, respectively.We should establish some context for those unfamiliar with filesharing applications, particularly these long-dead ones. Filesharing applications in this context typically refer to applications that use the BitTorrent protocol (not to be confused with the app of the same name— plenty of other torrent applications exist) to transfer files between users to scale with how many are on the same torrent. A healthy torrent has people who have completed the file still connecting to the network and “seeding” the torrent by copying that data and sending it to other users wanting to download it. It’s a very distributed form of filesharing and has been a staple of digital piracy for about as long as it has existed.Most of the applications listed use the BitTorrent protocol or some variation to distribute files for free between users. The two most prominent names of that era of piracy that I can remember, even though I was pretty young at the time, are LimeWire and Kazaa. They essentially took over the niche of easy music piracy after the short-lived golden era of Napster from June 1, 1999, to September 3, 2002, which was so good that it was the first of its kind to get sued into oblivion by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Eventually, lawsuits would shut down the likes of LimeWire and Kazaa, too. Still, those applications managed to survive a bit longer— particularly LImeWire, which continued operating until a May 2010 lawsuit ruling took them down.But as it’s plain to see, these names still hold significant weight despite how long they have been since they were viable piracy applications. For example, Napster’s branding was eventually acquired by legitimate music service Rhapsody, which has since renamed itself to Napster and seemingly exists to lose to Spotify. LimeWire’s corpse branding has also been repurposed for NFTs as of 2022, much to the displeasure of its founder.Get Tom’s Hardware’s best news and in-depth reviews, straight to your inbox. […]

No Picture

Homeland Explosive Consequence and Threat Tool (HExCAT)

HExCAT is an explosive hazard modeling tool that estimates the potential impact and consequences of an explosion, including severity and types of injures, effectiveness of response, choke points and building damage. The desktop computer tool uses thousands of plausible scenarios to provide holistic hazard assessments of an explosive attack in public spaces. The model guides informed decision-making by allowing users to evaluate various “what-if” scenarios and create multiple protocols to prepare adequate security countermeasures or medical responses based on key characteristics of an explosion.For a more detailed description download the PDF below. […]


The End Of Restaurants As We Know Them?

By Peter Earle of the American Institute of Economic ResearchSince the start of 2024, numerous well-known restaurant chains have announced sizable closures and incrementally more drastic restructuring efforts.TGI Fridays has closed numerous locations across the US and sold eight corporate-owned locations to strengthen their franchise model and close underperforming stores. Denny’s shut down 57 restaurants in 2023 and announced additional closures for 2024 due to inflationary pressures. Boston Market drastically reduced its number of restaurants from around 300 to just 27 by March 2024, driven by landlord evictions, unpaid bills, and state shutdowns due to unpaid sales taxes. Mod Pizza abruptly closed 27 locations across the US, including five in California, just before the new minimum wage law took effect. Also suddenly, Coco’s Bakery and Carrows chains closed 75 locations, leading to a federal lawsuit by former employees due to the lack of notice provided for the layoffs. PDQ, a regional restaurant chain, closed eight restaurants across North and South Carolina in February 2024 due to market conditions. Outback Steakhouse’s parent company, Bloomin’ Brands, announced the shuttering of 41 locations of Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill and Bonefish Grill in February 2024 as part of a major financial restructuring. Subway has been undergoing a massive drawdown, closing over 400 underperforming locations since last year alone. And Applebee’s has been selectively closing locations since the start of 2024, focusing on optimizing its restaurant portfolio by shutting down low-revenue stores.In 2024, Buffalo Wild Wing will eliminate sixty locations in the United States. IHOP (International House of Pancakes) will wind down 100 locations. Other firms eliminating locations include Pizza Hut, Red Lobster, Hooters, and Chili’s. A handful of others may close down entirely. COVID lockdowns significantly weakened chain restaurants by drastically reducing their customer base and revenue streams. This disruption made it difficult for many restaurants to sustain operations, some of which took on more debt in the face of depleted financial reserves. At the start of 2024, FSR (Full Service Restaurant) Magazine summarized:Another after-shock of COVID was the debt pile. Going back to August 2020, the James Beard Foundation released survey data that suggested only 66 percent of independent bars and restaurants expected to survive the fall season without direct aid. Frothing to the top of this fear was the fact that close to 75 percent reported taking on new debt obligations north of $50,000. Moreso, 12 percent tagged the number at $500,000 and above. Growing debt, and the deterioration in operating performance required to service it, forced heightened levels of investor and debt-holder concern and oversight[.] … This increased debt between 2019 and the last 12 months 2020 by 8.1 percent for limited-service units and 15.7 percent for full-serves. The former, by the fall, sat at more than four times as much debt, while full service was at nearly 50 percent more than 2008 levels … [In] the current environment … 68 percent of full-service restaurants reported carrying some amount of debt. On average, it was $51,863.20 — a number that could creep up as interest rates continue to rise.FSR continues:“If debt is a piece of the profit puzzle, food costs are another. In fact, they appear to be an even bigger, more widespread concern … than the year before. This year, 58 percent of operators in the survey said rising inventory costs was their No. 1 source of financial strain, up from 54 percent in 2022.”The total and annual percentage changes in the index prices of six key ingredients of restaurant and diner menu items, from 2010 to 2020 and then from 2021 to the present, are shown below; in most cases, over the last three years prices have risen at multiples of their annual increases over the prior decade.Since January 2021, core CPI has risen just over 17 percent, while food-away-from-home prices have risen over 22 percent. Core CPI (blue) vs. CPI Food Away From Home (black), 2014 – 2024Those higher prices have translated to falling foot traffic. As costs of living have risen and pandemic savings have dissipated, eating outside the home has become more costly. Where meals continue to be purchased, order sizes are falling or cheaper items purchased. A small handful of massive firms with tremendous economies of scale are experimenting with lower priced options, but most eateries have cost structures which preclude similarly priced offerings. In fact, some franchisees of those huge restaurant chains are claiming that the depth of those discounts is financially untenable for them. Recent data highlights a decline in restaurant visits, with several factors contributing to this trend. A report from Bar and Restaurant points out that many top revenue-generating restaurants experienced significant year-over-year declines in customer traffic in late 2023 and early 2024, with a further pronounced drop in January 2024. This decline is attributed to consumers curtailing their restaurant expenditures and opting for more cost-effective alternatives, such as cooking more meals at home due to high menu prices driven by inflation and wage increases​. (This is also behind recently emerging controversies over tipping quantities and imperatives.)Similarly, Produce Blue Book reports that same-store sales growth for restaurants was negative in February 2024, marking the worst-performing month since February 2021. Despite a slight improvement in sales growth compared to January, the data suggests that consumers are pulling back on restaurant visits and spending due to financial pressures such as growing credit card balances, high interest rates, and inflation. The expected slowdown in restaurant sales is attributed to these economic factors, which are leading consumers to moderate their restaurant consumption​​. Additionally, QSR Magazine notes that US traffic for limited-service chains fell by 3.5 percent year-over-year in the first quarter of 2024, further illustrating the challenges faced by the restaurant industry in attracting customers​More recently, atop the compounded challenges of inflation and falling consumer demand are substantial jumps in state minimum wages. Since the start of 2024, more than half of all US states have, or planned to, to raise minimum wages:*California’s minimum wage, which rose to $16.00 on January 1st, increased again on April 1st, after which all fast food restaurant employees covered by the new law must be paid at least $20.00 per hour.On July 1, Nevada and Oregon raised their minimum wages to $12 per hour while Washington DC increased theirs from $17 to $17.50 per hour for non-tipped workers and from $8 to $10 per hour for tipped workers. Florida’s minimum wage will rise to $13 per hour on September 30. For traditional restaurants, profit margins are generally low, typically ranging between 3 to 5 percent, while in the fast food industry, profit margins are comparatively higher, generally lying between 5 and 8 percent. Estimating the impact of a minimum wage increase on the profitability of these establishments requires a nuanced understanding of their current profit margins and cost structures. Given these average profit margins, labor costs are a major expense, significantly affecting profitability. Any increase in the minimum wage substantially raises costs, squeezing the already narrow profit margins. For traditional restaurants with lower margins, even a small increase in labor costs could result in operations becoming unprofitable if prices aren’t adjusted accordingly or if cost-saving measures aren’t effectively implemented. Even before the substantial rise in wages and the slowing disinflation of the first quarter of 2024, food service industry strains were mounting. According to the National Restaurant Association (NRA) Restaurant Business Conditions Survey, nearly all full-service restaurant owners — 92 percent — consider rising food costs a significant challenge. Increased labor costs are not far behind at 90 percent, and 67 percent percent say utilities present a significant challenge. But they’re also spending more on the same things you’re spending more on — dishwasher detergent, hand soap, paper products, linens, laundry services, plates, silverware, and on and on.A little over two-and-a-half years ago, I wrote about the breakdown of the NYC Pizza Principle as prices began to rise. Restaurants nationwide are now grappling with a financial maelstrom including rising prices, higher minimum wages, falling sales, and in many cases higher debt costs. The health of the industry is summed up by comparing the stability of the National Restaurant Association Performance Index from 2010 through the pandemic with its trajectory since 2021, as the general price level hit four decade highs – and remains elevated to this day.National Restaurant Association Restaurant Performance Index, 2010 – presentThe cumulative impact of these pressures is straining the industry from single-location establishments to nationwide and international chains. If accelerating US unemployment registers the impact of contractionary monetary policy measures on the broader economy, the current difficulties faced by the restaurant sector are likely to escalate. And insofar as those economic conditions persist, all but the stoutest and most well-capitalized food service industry interests may find it increasingly challenging to serve customers, the impact of which will be felt by employees, investors, and peripheral businesses alike.Loading… […]


Supercon 2023: Why More Hackers Should Earn Their Wings

Hacking has taken on many different meanings over the years, but if you’re here reading these words, we’ll assume your definition is pretty close to ours. To hack is to explore and learn, to find new and (hopefully) better ways of doing things. Or at least, that’s part of it. The other part is to then take what you learned and share it with others. Do that enough, and soon you’ll find yourself part of a community of like-minded individuals — which is where things really start getting interesting.
Here at Hackaday the objects of our attention are, with the occasional exception, electronic devices of some sort or another. Perhaps an old piece of gear that needs a modern brain transplant, or a misbehaving consumer gadget that could benefit from the addition of an open source firmware. But just as there are different ways to interpret the act of hacking, there’s plenty of wiggle room when it comes to what you can hack on.
In his talk during the 2023 Hackaday Supercon, Tom Mloduchowski makes the case that more hackers should be getting involved with aviation. No, we’re not talking about flying drones, though he does cover that during the presentation. This is the real deal. Whether you want to take a quick joyride in a small plane, become a professional pilot, or even build and operate your own experimental aircraft, this talk covers it all.

Experimental Aircraft
Now, to be fair, it’s not that the act of flying a plane is somehow related to hacking. Which isn’t to say that they’re mutually exclusive, either. After all, we’re sure there’s some non-zero number of Hackaday readers who happen to also be professional pilots. But that doesn’t mean they bring a soldering iron with them in the cockpit. Probably.
What Tom is really talking about is that last bit — experimental aircraft. You see, what the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) considers to be “experimental” may not match the mental image it likely conjures up for you. While it could technically mean some fanciful whirlybird from Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks, in the vast majority of cases, it’s a plane built by an individual from either a kit or published plans. In other words, while the craft might not be mass produced, there’s going to be at least a few other people who have built the thing and would probably love to meet up and talk about it.
What’s more, being the operator of an experimental plane gives you special privileges. Tom points out that for a normal private pilot, you generally can’t do much more than basic maintenance to your aircraft. Even if you own it outright, the FAA says you’re only qualified to operate the plane, not work on it. Something as simple as mounting a GoPro to the outside of your plane could get you in hot water, as that’s technically a modification to the aircraft that was never tested or approved by the manufacturer.
But with an experimental aircraft, the primary builder is able to apply for what the FAA calls a “Repairman Certificate” for that specific plane. This not only grants you the right to fix the aircraft, but to modify it as you see fit. Critically, it also gives you the authority to certify the plane to be airworthy after said modifications have been made. Essentially, it’s a license to hack your plane however you wish, with the understanding that you’re potentially putting your life on the line should one of those hacks come apart at altitude.
There are, of course, some limitations. Experimental aircraft still need to be registered with the FAA, and must apply for a “Special Airworthiness Certificate” before taking to the skies. You’ll need to keep a detailed build log and provide pictures of the aircraft during various stages of assembly to quality for this Certificate, but that shouldn’t be a problem for most hackers. Even after all that, you won’t be able to carry passengers on your experimental craft until it’s logged enough hours in a particular configuration.
Working Your Way Up
Putting the possible risk to life and limb aside for a moment, it’s clear how the idea of being able to build and modify your own aircraft could appeal to somebody with a hacker’s mindset. So the next logical question is, how do you get there?
Well, as you might expect when dealing with the Federal government, there are some hoops to jump through. Unfortunately, you can’t leap right to flying experimental planes, you’ve got to move through the various stages of getting your private pilot’s license just as if you wanted to fly a commercially built aircraft. But the good news is that the whole process is faster and easier than most people think, and as the FAA modernizes various aspects of the testing and training procedures, it’s only getting better.
As Tom explains, the process will usually start with a test flight at your local airport. A licensed pilot would be in command of the aircraft from a legal standpoint, but you’ll be able to get some hands-on time at the controls and figure out if this is really something you want to pursue. If that flight goes well, you’ll then move into your ground training period, which is essentially studying from books and videos. This part of the process will probably cost you a few hundred dollars in materials and fees, and at the end, you’ll need to pass a knowledge test.
After that, it’s time to start flying. You’ll need to spend at least 45 hours behind the controls of an aircraft before you can even attempt to pass your private pilot test, but on average, it takes closer to 70 hours before most students are confident enough to move to the next step. Incidentally, this is where things get expensive. Between the rental of the plane, fuel, and the instructor’s time, you’ll probably be paying between $150 to $200 for each one of those flying hours.
Investing In Yourself
Obviously, getting your private pilot license (PPL) is a serious commitment. Even in the best case, it’s going to take hundreds of hours and thousands of dollars. But once you’ve got it, you’ll be opening up a whole new world to explore. Whether you want to ultimately design and build your own plane, or just want to be able to travel around the country on your own terms, there’s plenty to be gained.
As Tom also points out, having a PPL also streamlines the process of flying commercial drones. While you’d normally have to go through training to pilot a large drone, or make money from its operation, those holding a PPL can add on a drone license by taking a simple test.
Ready to fly? The weather is warm, so why not take a drive out to your local airport and see if you can’t hitch a ride with somebody. Who knows? This time next year you might be a hacker and a pilot.
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