Federal Executive Branch Agencies Roles and Responsibilities in United States Elections

DHS helps protect the security and resilience of our nation’s election infrastructure from both cybersecurity and physical security threats. DHS’s CISA, which is charged with securing and protecting our nation’s critical infrastructure, works collaboratively with state and local governments, election officials, Federal partners, and vendors to protect the security of the Nation’s election infrastructure.

CISA, as the sector risk management agency for election infrastructure subsector, works through voluntary partnerships with state and local election officials to provide no-cost cyber and physical security assessments, guidance, and resources for election offices. These resources include free cybersecurity services, in-person and virtual training offerings, incident response assistance, and security best practice guides to meet evolving threats.

CISA also helps fund, through a cooperative agreement, many functions of the Elections Infrastructure Information Sharing and Analysis Center, which offers state and local election officials a suite of elections-focused cyber defense tools, including threat intelligence products, incident response and forensics, threat and vulnerability monitoring, cybersecurity awareness and training products. CISA’s work is informed by the Election Infrastructure Subsector Government Coordinating Council, comprised of state and local election officials, and the Election Infrastructure Sector Coordinating Council, comprised of election vendors. CISA remains transparent and agile in its efforts to support election partners as they prepare for, protect against, and respond to security threats to America’s election infrastructure.

The FBI partners closely with CISA to help state and local officials protect their election infrastructure, including against physical and cyber threats, by offering threat briefings and technical assistance to harden the integrity of these election-related systems.

Additionally, the FBI provides advance warning and notice of issues of concern to state and local election officials about cyber threats, provides threat briefings and technical assistance to political parties and campaigns to help them protect the integrity of their communications systems, and responds to identified foreign and criminal threats.

FBI is responsible for investigating and DOJ is responsible for enforcing federal laws regarding those who try to compromise these voting systems and election-related communications systems. USPIS, the law enforcement and security arm of the U.S.

Postal Service (USPS), is responsible for ensuring the security of USPS infrastructure used for the processing and delivery of mail-in ballots, and responding to and investigating attacks on that infrastructure.

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